Veterinary Surgery

We are pleased to offer a wide variety of specialized in-house surgical procedures for your pet.

Orthopedic

If your pet is having persistant lameness in his hind legs he may have torn his ACL, the ligament that connects his leg bones at the knee. This injury can be quite painful and almost always requires surgery and strict rest to heal. We're pleased now to be able to address many of these cases in-house thanks to our skilled veterinarians and nurses.

Medial luxating patella is a condition in which the patella, or knee cap, dislocates from it's normal position. Patellar luxation can cause pain and lameness, most commonly in small breed dogs, and the most severe cases do require surgery.

Femoral head and neck ostectomy is a procedure to treat many traumatic and chronic conditions of the hip in both cats and dogs. Hip fractures, hip luxations, and certain degenerative joint diseases, including hip dysplasia, may be helped with this surgery.

Urogenital

Pyometra is a serious and potentially deadly infection of the uterus common in older, unspayed dogs. Symptoms may include distended abdomen, vaginal disharge, lethargy, inappetence, increased thirst and urination, vomiting, and diarrhea. Fast and aggressive treament, including removal of the infected uterus before it ruptures, is required to save the animal's life.

Preventing unwanted puppies and kittens is the one of the most valuable things a pet owner can do for their community, as well as providing many health benefits for their own pet. Read on for more on these common surgeries.

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Ovariectomy, or OVE is an option when deciding to spay your female pet. This procedure is less invasive than the tradional ovariohysterectomy and just as effective at preventing pregnancy.

Perineal urethrostomy is a procedure indicated when treating male cats who get chronic urinary obstructions. This surgery is most commonly performed as an emergency when the patient comes in completely blocked and severely ill and thus is often lifesaving.

Ophthalmic

Cherry eye is the common name for the prolapsed gland of the third eyelid, most commonly seen in dogs. It appears as a swollen, red mass on the inner corner of the eye and results from a congenital weakness of the gland's attachment in the eye. It can cause irritation and reduced tear production, and should be fixed with a relatively simple surgical procedure.

Entropion is an extremely painful disorder of the eye in which the eyelid (usually the lower) folds inward, causing the eyelashes and fur to constantly scrape and scratch the corneal surface. This can lead to ulceration and vision deterioration or loss and needs to be addressed with surgery.

Enucleation is the removal of one or both eyes, indicated when a traumatic injury has occurred, to treat certain occular tumors, or to relieve the pain of severe glaucoma.

Otologic

An aural, or ear, hematoma is an accumulation of blood in the ear flap (pinna) often caused by frequent headshaking secondary to ear infections. This swollen, fluid filled pocket on your pet's ear is likely to return if not treated surgically.

For dogs with chonic ear infections, a lateral ear resection may be indicated. This procedure lowers and widens the opening of the patient's ear canal, allowing better ventilation and drainage and making ear infections less frequent and easier to treat.

When all other treatments for your pet's chronic ear infections have failed, total ear canal ablation may be recommended. This is surgery involves complete removal of the ear canal and suturing of the ear opening, which ends the chronic ear infections and associated pain. Although diminished hearing is associated with this surgery, it's not as dramatic as many owners fear as pets with chronic ear infections usually already have some degree of hearing loss.

Dermatologic

A histiocytoma is a benign button-like skin growth often occurring in younger dogs, especially Golden Retrievers, Boxers, and Dachshunds. This itchy, moist, sometimes bloody growth can be difficult to distinguish from some cancerous tumors so lab testing will be recommended. Though benign histocytomas are often irritating to the pet and thus it's recommended to remove it surgically.

Elbow hygromas are fluid-filled swellings that occur on the point of the elbow, often in short-haired, large breed dogs. Caused by the chronic trauma of lying on the elbows on a hard surface, they can be irritating and unpleasant. A change the patient's bedding is recommended, and depending on the case surgical drainage may be needed.

Sebaceous gland tumors present as small, round, cauliflower-shaped masses that may crust or bleed. Often confused for warts which tend to resolve themselves, sebaceous gland tumors will not go away on their own. While most of these tumors are benign, removal and lab testing may be indicated.

Lipomas, cysts, and warts, are all common benign skin growths. Lipomas are fatty tumors that can get quite large and irritating for pets. Cysts are fluid-filled sac of cells, often the result of blocked ducts or glands. Warts are benign growths caused by canine papilloma virus. Any or all of these growths may be removed if large, ulcerated, or irritating to the patient, or if the owner wants them removed for cosmetic reasons.

Gastrointestinal

Gastropexy is a surgery performed on large, deep chested dogs to prevent gastic torsion or bloat. Bloat is a painful and potentially deadly condition in which the patient's stomach has twisted, causing a build up of fluid and gas, and often requiring emergency surgery. Gastropexy is a procedure that secures a portion of the patient's stomach to their chest wall, preventing torsion from occuring later in life.

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Intestinal obstructions are common in both cats and dogs. Often, the patient will have ingested a toy, string, bone, or other non-food object and in the hours and days following loses their appetite, begins vomiting, and may or may not be passing diarrhea. X-rays will be recommended and foreign objects in the stomach or intestines can usually be determined to be present from the radiographic images. Surgery to remove the foreign object and repair any damage in the gastointestinal tract is then performed.

Cancer

Hemangiopericytoma is a cancerous tumor of the cells surrounding blood vessels in the skin. While this type of tumor does not often spread to other sites of the body, it can be quite aggressive locally. This deeply-rooted tumor can grow to large proportions and affect the function of organs nearby. Hemangiopericytoma has a high-rate of successful treatment if caught early.

Mammary glad tumors are common in older, unspayed dogs and may appear as a slow growing mass or mutiple masses in the mammary gland. About half of dogs diagnosed with mammary tumors will turn out to have benign growths, however cancerous mammary tumors can metastisize and invade the nearby thoracic and abdominal organs so every growth should be taken seriously. Many mammary tumors can be treated successfully with just surgery. Chemotherapy may also be recommended to prevent or delay regrowth or metastasis.

Testicular tumors are one of the most common tumors found in older, unneutered dogs. Swelling in the area may be observed, as well as irritation and possibly hair loss. Surgical castration is curative in most cases. Occasionally a dog may be cryptorchid, or may have one or both testicals retained in his abdomen. Cryptorchid testicular tumors have a higher incidence of matastisis and thus can be much more complicated. Chemotherapy may be indicated.

Mast cell tumors are a tumor of the connective tissues, often in the skin. Mast cell tumors have the potential to metastisize aggressively so removal of the tumor and surrounding tissues should be performed immediately upon diagnosis. The tumor will be sent to the lab for biopsy and will be graded, which will give an idea of the patient's prognosis. Additional surgery or chemotherapy may be indicated.

Bulldog and Brachycephalic

Stenotic nares is a genetic condition that occurs in brachycephalic, or pug nosed breeds. These pinched nostrils can make breathing difficult and a widening of the nostrils through a simple surgery may be indicated.

Corkscrew tail is a genetic condition most common in bulldogs. Due to a malformation of vertibrae in the tail, it can cause chronic discomfort and infection of the area around the anus, as well as partially blocking bowel movements and anal gland expression. Surgically removing the problematic part of the tail is curative. Check out our patient Zeus in his before and after pictures!

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Other Surgeries

Splenectomy, or surgical removal of the spleen, may be performed to remove splenic tumors or to treat rupture or torsion of the spleen. To deterimine the nature of the problem with your pet's spleen a number of tests may be performed including blood and urine tests, ultrasound, abdominocentesis, and x-rays. If treating a splenic tumor, chemothreapy may also be recommended.

Bite-wound abscesses occur when damaged tissue from a bite becomes infected, often seen in outdoor cats that roam. Pus builds in a pocket below the skin and can ooze and be quite painful. Surgical drainage and antibiotics should be employed as soon as possible to prevent widerspread infection and damage.

New Client Exam

New to the NVH family? Call to set up your pet's free introductory physical exam today!

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